The Roman schoolboy, or rather the teacher of rhetoric who would be instructing him, was Quintilian’s audience. The statue is one of a pair now. M. FABII QVINTILIANI INSTITVTIO ORATORIA LIBER PRIMVS ut libros quos ad Marcellum meum de institutione oratoria scripseram iam emittere inciperem. File:Quintiliano, institutio oratoria, firenze ca., pluteo , JPG. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. Jump to navigation Jump to.
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The Roman schoolboy, or rather the teacher of rhetoric who would be instructing him, was Quintilian’s audience. The statue is one instititio a pair now in the Octagonal Court of the Vatican Palace; for the other, including a good detail of his book-box, see this page. Those wishing to consult a version of the Latin original will find one, unidentified, here. It is in the public domain. Details here on the copyright law involved. Qui scribit, bis legit. Well-meaning attempts to get me to scan text, if successful, would merely turn me into some kind of machine: The transcription is being minutely proofread.
The header bar at the top of each webpage will remind you with the instihutio color scheme. In either case of course, should you spot an error, please do report it. The Author Enough is known about Quintilian for a brief biographical sketch to be assembled; Prof. Butler’s Introduction provides one. The Loeb edition also includes a brief bibliography with a summary section on the MSS.
Nam ipse eos nondum opinabar satis maturuisse, quibus componendis, ut scis, paulo plus quam biennium tot alioqui negotiis districtus impendi; quod tempus non tam stilo quam inquisitioni instituti operis prope infiniti quintilisno legendis auctoribus, qui sunt innumerabiles, datum est. Multum autem in tua quoque fide oratorua diligentia positum est, ofatoria in manus hominum quam emendatissimi veniant.
For my own view was that it was not yet ripe for publication. These two years have been devoted not so odatoria to actual writing as to the research demanded by a task to which practically no limits can be set and to the reading of innumerable authors. The merits of public and private education compared. General reflections quintioiano the capacity and treatment of pupils. Language; analogy; etymology; old words; authority; usage.
Orthography; difference between spelling and pronunciation. Reading; authors to be read; methods of teaching; value of history.
Other studies necessary to rhetoric; music, geometry, astronomy. Instruction to be derived from the stage. Rhetoric not begun early enough; relations between instithtio and grammaticus. Choice of a teacher; mutual duties of teacher and pupil.
Necessity quintiliaho avoiding inferior teachers. Elementary rhetorical exercises; narratives; proof and refutation; panegyric and denunciation; commonplaces; theses; reasons; preparations for pleadings; praise and blame of particular laws; fictitious declamations. Assistance to be given to pupils. Different methods required for different pupils. Themes for declamation; criticism of existing practice. Criticism of those who think instruction in rhetoric unnecessary; necessity of thoroughness of method.
Merits and defects of untrained speakers.
No rigid rules possible; necessity of adaptability; value of rules. The term rhetoric or oratory; heads under which it is to be considered. Various definitions; Quintilian’s definition. Oratory denounced by some because of its capacity for harm; its excellences and value.
Oratory an art; critics of this view; critics of its morality; relation to truth. Arts or sciences of three kinds; rhetoric a practical art or science, though partaking of the nature of theoretic and oratpria arts. Inatitutio rhetoric a virtue? The subject of rhetoric; Quintilian’s view; criticism qintiliano relation between oratory and philosophy; range of the orator’s knowledge. Apology for dryness and detail of the more technical portion of the work; writers on rhetoric; Greeks; Romans.
Divisions of the art; their order; their nature. Are there three sorts of oratory or more? Distinction between things and words; questions; definition of a cause. Forensic oratory; the parts of a forensic speech. Next points to be determined; the question, the mode of defence, the point for decision, the foundation of the case; various views.
The prooemium or exordium. The narratio or statement of facts. Propositions preparatory to proof. Proofs, artificial and unartificial. Public report or opinion. Evidence extracted by torture. Refutation of documentary evidence. Reasons for and against offering to take an oath. Documentary evidence; oral evidence; production of witnesses; attitude to be adopted toward witnesses; examination; conflict between documentary and oral evidence; supernatural evidence.
Signs, indications, circumstantial evidence, their difference from proofs; appearances; prognostics. The enthymeme, epicheireme, and syllogism. Preface; the death of Quintilian’s son.
Necessity of studying the temper of the judges; pathos, ethos, and emotional appeal. Laughter, wit, and humour. The letter of the law and intention. Relation of various status or bases. Each case must be considered on its merits. Rules not possible for every case. Stylistic ornament; merits and faults. General reflexions and their value in oratory. Figures of thought and speech. Figures of thought considered in detail.
Figures of speech considered in detail. Artistic structure and rhythm; metrical feet and their appropriate employment. Value of reading; authors to be studied; poets; historians; orators; philosophers; brief review of Greek and Roman literature considered from standpoint of rhetoric. Various forms of composition; translation; paraphrase, theses, commonplaces, declamations. The necessity of speaking appropriately to the circumstances. Memory and memory systems.
Qulntiliano gesture and dress. Efflagitasti cotidiano convicio, ut libros, quos ad Marcellum meum de Institutione oratoria scripseram iam emittere inciperem. How to strengthen character; study of philosophy. Necessity of study of civil law. The orator must be well equipped with examples and precedents.
Necessity of firmness and presence of mind; cultivation of natural advantages.
Age at which the orator should begin to plead. Causes which he should undertake; remuneration for services. The orator must not make applause his predominant aim; sparing use of invective; relative importance of preparation in writing and speaking extempore.
Necessity of careful study of each case. The different styles of oratory; analogy of the arts of sculpture and painting; Greek and Roman oratory compared.
At what age to retire from speaking in public and how to spend one’s retirement; possibilities of the successful training of an oratory; advantages to be drawn therefrom; exhortation to diligence; conclusion. Images with borders lead to more information. The thicker the border, the more information. See my copyright page for details and contact information.