Primary herpetic gingivostomatitis is a common pediatric infection caused in . for treatment of acute herpes simplex virus (HSV) gingivostomatitis in children: a . Herpetic gingivostomatitis represents the most commonly observed clinical manifestation of primary herpes simplex virus (HSV) infection. Clinical features include the following: Abrupt onset High temperature (° F) Anorexia and listlessness Gingivitis (This is the most striking.

Author: Tojagrel Mozshura
Country: Azerbaijan
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: History
Published (Last): 23 September 2018
Pages: 357
PDF File Size: 10.35 Mb
ePub File Size: 12.61 Mb
ISBN: 726-7-23840-644-8
Downloads: 7002
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Taukus

Complications are rare and include keratoconjunctivitis, esophagitis, pneumonitis, meningitis and encephalitis. Clinical appearance after anti-viral therapy-complete resolution of ulcerations on left buccal gingiva. Question Every year I see preschool children with gingivostomatitis.

Because these lesions are very painful, children do not gingkvostomatitis to eat or drink and the greatest fear of medical professionals is dehydration.

Gum swelling and drooling resolved faster 5 vs 7 days and 4 vs 8 days, respectivelyand viral shedding stopped earlier 4 vs 10 days. Acute infection refers to the first invasion of the virusand recurrent is when reactivation of the latent virus occurs.

Herpetic gingivostomatitis infections can present as acute or recurrent. Dehydration may be a concern, especially in the younger patient, because food or drink on the oral tissues may cause pain. For children with fever and pain, acetaminophen or ibuprofen can be given. Also, reports on teething difficulties have recorded symptoms which are remarkably consistent with primary oral herpetic infection such as fever, irritability, sleeplessness, and difficulty with eating.

J Am Dent Assoc. George AK, Anil S. On external surfaces the virus is short lived, however it is extremely contagious. Cochrane Database Syst Rev.

The diagnosis can be confirmed via laboratory tests: HSV-1 is predominantly responsible for oral, facial and ocular infections whereas HSV-2 is responsible for most genital and cutaneous lower zcute lesions. Squamous cell papilloma Keratoacanthoma Malignant: Footnotes Source of Support: Periapical, mandibular and maxillary hard tissues — Bones of jaws Agnathia Alveolar osteitis Buccal exostosis Cherubism Idiopathic osteosclerosis Mandibular fracture Microgenia Micrognathia Intraosseous cysts Odontogenic: Eagle syndrome Hemifacial hypertrophy Facial hemiatrophy Oral manifestations of systemic disease.


Varicella zoster Infection was ruled out due to the bilateral distribution of the lesions. Primary human HSV-1 infection usually occurs in childhood and mostly presents as herpetic gingivostomatitis. Hepatitis Ascending cholangitis Cholecystitis Pancreatitis Peritonitis.

Cementicle Cementoblastoma Gigantiform Cementoma Eruption gingivostomattiis Epulis Pyogenic granuloma Congenital epulis Gingival enlargement Gingival cyst of the adult Gingival cyst of the newborn Gingivitis Desquamative Granulomatous Plasma cell Hereditary gingival fibromatosis Hypercementosis Hypocementosis Linear gingival erythema Necrotizing periodontal diseases Acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis Pericoronitis Peri-implantitis Periodontal abscess Periodontal trauma Periodontitis Aggressive As a manifestation of systemic disease Chronic Perio-endo lesion Teething.

Benign lymphoepithelial lesion Ectopic salivary gland tissue Frey’s syndrome HIV salivary gland disease Necrotizing sialometaplasia Mucocele Ranula Pneumoparotitis Salivary duct stricture Salivary gland aplasia Salivary gland atresia Salivary gland diverticulum Salivary gland fistula Salivary gland gingivostomatitiz Salivary gland hypoplasia Salivary gland neoplasms Benign: Cowdry type A bodies are intranuclear inclusion bodies visible under light microscopy.

Herpetic gingivostomatitis – Wikipedia

Orogenital contact may allow either serotype to cause oral or genital lesions. Nasopalatine duct Median mandibular Median palatal Traumatic gingivosgomatitis Osteoma Osteomyelitis Osteonecrosis Bisphosphonate-associated Neuralgia-inducing cavitational osteonecrosis Osteoradionecrosis Aucte bone marrow defect Paget’s disease of bone Periapical abscess Phoenix abscess Periapical periodontitis Stafne defect Torus mandibularis.

Bednar’s aphthae Cleft palate High-arched palate Palatal cysts of the newborn Inflammatory papillary hyperplasia Stomatitis nicotina Torus palatinus. The Center for Special Dentistry. Systemic antiviral therapy was initiated with acyclovir mg thrice daily for 3 weeks. Can Med Assoc J.

Acyclovir for herpetic gingivostomatitis in children

Nil Conflict of Interest: They start as multiple small fluid filled vesicles. Usually the sores clear up within two herprtic. Your children can get it from sharing utensils, putting toys or things in the mouth and thumb sucking, to name a few. Prevalence of recurrent qcute labialis and aphthous ulcers among young adults on six continents. A report of the cases of patients [article in Italian] Pediatr Med Chir. Common adverse effects include nausea, vomiting, and headaches. The natural history of primary herpes simplex type 1 gingivostomatitis in children.


An unusual case of acute herpetic gingivostomatitis AHGS that presented as extremely painful multiple ulcerations of the gingiva and hard palate in a year-old male patient is presented. Herpes simplex yerpetic virus infection. Antibiotics cannot affect viruses so it is useless to administer them to the patient.

National Center for Biotechnology Information. The sores are usually red around the edges and appear yellowish or grayish in the middle. National Center for Biotechnology InformationU. National Center for Biotechnology InformationU. Support Center Support Center.

Acyclovir for herpetic gingivostomatitis in children

The association of HSV-2 in the etiology of oral lesions is highlighted. The area was covered by a yellowish white slough, and there was an erythematous halo surrounding the lesion Figure 1. PH Itin, S Lautenschlager. This article is eligible for Mainpro-M1 credits.

The diagnosis was confirmed as herpetic gingivostomatitis associated with HSV Recurrent herpetic lesions are frequently managed with topical application of antiviral agents. Sub-mandibular lymphadenitis, halitosis gingivostmatitis refusal to drink are usual concomitant findings. The most common age of occurrence is 6 months to 6 years.